About skin types, skin concerns and sensitivity levels
Have you completed our test and want to find out more about your skin profile? Read about your skin type, sensitivity level and skin concerns now.
What's a skin type?
Your skin type is used to describe how your skin is functioning. For ease of classification, the Script algorithm has reduced the skin type section of your skin profile down to one of four common skin types: Oily, Combination, Normal or Dry. When we discuss skin type alone, we need to understand that we all fall somewhere on an infinite scale between dry as a chip and oily as a sardine, and that due to a whole host of influences we will move around on this scale, so tracking your skin type with regular re-testing is a must.
Using only four skin types can make our technology sound simple. But when we consider the other components that make up your profile such as sensitivity level and skin concerns, the possible permutations jump up to a total of 13,440 possible skin profile combinations, from which our dermatologist-created technology finds yours.
What's a skin concern?
The eight skin concerns considered by the Script algorithm, work a little differently than the calculation of your skin type or sensitivity level. Not only does our system help you to establish which are impacting your skin, but more importantly, whether it is something that concerns you.
While our curated skincare range has the capacity to treat each skin concern it is important to us, that the products selected for you, target those issues that concern you.
Not-Sensitive | Mildly-Sensitive | Very-Sensitive
It is quite amazing just how insensitive the skin usually is. It is constantly bombarded by so many irritants, toxins and noxious bugs that exist in the world around us, and yet for the most part, it just shrugs these off. Our skin’s primary function is to protect our internal organs from the world around us, it is a fortress that seems impenetrable, and for those that are lucky enough to have no skin sensitivity, it stays strong.
Generally, the people that fall into this category are those that currently, or have historically, experienced short-term irritability. They do not suffer from long-term genetic sensitivity; their skin has just been triggered by an irritant, that will subside once the irritant is identified and removed. In terms of skincare, it may mean gradual introduction to a new product, or if an ingredient continues to be a source of irritation, a change in product. It’s possible that when adding an active product, it may initially irritate your skin, which may be your skin responding to a stimulating ingredient that will in-fact be beneficial long-term. A short period of adaptation is usually all that is required, which is why this level of sensitivity can sometimes benefit from a little bit of patience.
True sensitivity can be different for everyone as it depends on the cause. It can be a complete intolerance to anything except the most basic pH balanced products, a skin disease that flares and subsides, or it could be an unavoidable genetic predisposition (yes, you may well be able to blame your parents for this as well). In medicine there is a group of diseases termed the atopic triad, comprising of eczema, asthma and allergies. If you suffer from two or more of these, chances are you will also suffer from genetically sensitive skin.
Dry skin is not all it’s cracked up to be. A dry, cracked, visibly flaky surface, are all signs your skin is not functioning as it should and it’s not ‘normal’. Shedding skin cells might sound gross, but in fact when your skin is functioning in a healthy manner, this happens constantly, and you don’t even notice. There are many reasons that this healthy turnover gets corrupted and becomes visible on the surface, but our main anti-crack Script Tip begins with the right moisturiser and ends with some super science-y actives.
Combination skin is the most common skin type and is simply a mixture of oily and dry occurring at the same time. Combination skin can happen a few different ways, but the most common mix is dryness over the entire face with oily areas occurring where there are larger pores, including the forehead, inner cheeks, nose and chin, the area known as the T-Zone.
Oily and dry can happen simultaneously as each condition occurs in a different layer of the skin.
Normal skin as a type is super rare. It means your skin is in complete balance. And just as it is rare, it is also a bit elusive. In order to keep it that way, you must treat it that way. Like goldilocks herself it’s about choosing products that are just right, nothing whose base is too rich OR too astringent. So, while it is wonderful to be balanced in the middle of the scale, one false move can tip it.
Just like in food, there are ‘good’ oils and ‘bad’ oils, in skin. The ‘good’ oils are those such as ceramides, which are instrumental in keeping our skin supple and our barrier function healthy. And then there is the oil known as ‘sebum’ which is produced in the second layer of the skin and exits through our pores. The over production of sebum is what results in an ‘oily’ skin type. When treating oily skin, you need to be careful not to strip away the good with the bad.
Pigmentation | Redness |Sun Damage | Wrinkles | Acne | Acne Scarring | Loss of elasticity | Large Pores | Anti-Ageing
When we talk pigmentation, we are using a broad term to describe the uneven over production of melanin (pigment cells) in the skin. In most cases, we are referring to a condition called melasma, but may also include freckles or brown coloured sun damage. Melanin cells in our skin dictate our overall skin colour, those who are fair have less, those who are dark have more. Pigmentation happens when melanin is triggered unevenly, and although both dark and light skins are affected, it tends to affect higher Fitzpatrick skin phototypes (darker skin) more commonly.
Redness is all about cause before cure. The most important thing is to understand what is making you red. Here at Script Skincare we treat redness as ‘obvious’ or broken blood vessels, inflammation and generalised background redness. But redness can also be the result of other underlying factors which need to be considered before utilising skincare or skin boosting treatments.
It has been proven that Australian woman have significantly more advanced signs of skin ageing at a younger age than our European or American sisters. Why? Excess sun exposure. We live under a thin ozone layer and along a coast and we take advantage of it! Our climate means we spend more time outdoors.
SPF is THE most important step in your skincare routine, but it doesn’t stop there.
Acne is the most common skin concern, affecting over 80% of us at some stage of our lives either during adolescence or into adulthood.
It is fundamentally controlled by hormones which is why we often see it develop during our teenage years, or flare and subside at the behest of a menstrual cycle. However, there are other factors that influence it as well such as: genetics, diet and the use of inappropriate skincare and makeup.
Wrinkles aren’t always a sign that you’re losing face, in fact some of them can represent time spent laughing, smiling and generally just being joyful. That’s because many of our wrinkles are caused by repeated facial expressions. Our Script Tip is not to turn into an expressionless robot, but instead to keep the top layer of your skin pliable through regular use of moisturiser and improve the health of the second layer by keeping collagen and elastin springy and able to bounce back when folded.
Are you experiencing skin sag? Blame gravity, the fact we age, genetics and time spent in the sun.
Elasticity is our skin’s ability to snap-back when stretched, it keeps the skin taut and stops it sagging.
Think about a crisp, new, cotton T-shirt, it holds its shape well. However, after many washes the cotton fibres break down and it starts to stretch and sag. In skin, this happens because our collagen production slows down, and elastin, the fibres that enable skin to snap back, stretch.
Anti-ageing is one of those beauty buzz words that seems kind of meaningless, but it’s actually not the case. Anti-ageing is about doing everything you can to preserve what you have right now. Prevention rather than cure.
With Anti-ageing skincare the aim is to target the dermis (2nd layer of the skin) where two very important proteins live, collagen and elastin.
Pores tend to increase and become visible during adolescence. Their appearance and size are an obsession for some (we’re looking at you Regina George) and although it was thought their size was set, it’s now believed that they are dynamic structures, able to be influenced.